Joinery

anytime you put two or more pieces together it’s called joinery…
there are more joints than you can name or imagine and they have been around for about forever…
here’s some of the more common joints…

Common Woodworking Joints.pdf (175.6 KB)

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Some joint names are freely interchanged even though they are different joints w/ different applications,
The box and finger joints come to mind…

EXHIBIT '‘A’' - the finger joint…

FINGER JOINTS

EXHIBIT '‘B’' - the box joint…

BOX JOINT (2)

for eons these were them…
simple as that…

here, technically , is a box joint (aka toolbox joint) w/o a lot of the work…
it’s pieces stacked together to form the side panels log cabin style…
the short pieces can be dadoed itnto the proud ends and the layering pieces splined…

Tool Box Corner Joint_3

box joint jigs and sleds tofit your needs in making box joints…

How to Make Box Joints.pdf (200.9 KB)
box-joint-jig.pdf (91.7 KB)
Basic Box-joint Jig.pdf (379.1 KB)
Box Joint Jig_Plan.pdf (693.9 KB)

lapped joints…
they’re strong, self squaring/aligning and they look nice…

half_lap_joint_terminology

Routing Laps.pdf (38.1 KB)
cut-perfect-half-laps.pdf (222.9 KB)

What to do about the ends of your slab or plank table top and it’s seasonal wood movement…
breadboards is one way…

Plannig for WoodMovement - BREADBOARDS.pdf (371.8 KB)

breadboard-dwg

T1

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the butt joint…
and it’s variations…

Scarf…

SCARF JOINTS.pdf (175.6 KB)


Corner…
200px-Woodworking-joint-butt-biscuit
200px-Woodworking-joint-butt-dowel
200px-Woodworking-joint-butt-pockethole
200px-Woodworking-joint-butt-screw

my all time favorite, easier to make than a lock miter and seriously strong…

Rebated Rabbet…


rebated rabbet 2

Lock Miter…

Lock Miter 16j7508ie.pdf (164.3 KB)

here’s a method to have your projects grain ‘‘flow’’…

How-To Grain-Wrap a Box.pdf (753.4 KB)

Dado… that kind of says it all…
Note…
Dadoes are cut across the grain and grooves are cut w/ the grain…

D1

STOPPED DADO.pdf (159.7 KB)

D2

if you make a lot of dadoes here is a jig that will do most of the work for you…
this style jig is to be used w/ top bearing bits…

this style jig is to be used w/ guide bearings…

to compliment the dado (cross grain) is the groove (grain parallel)…
pictured here is the through and stopped…
the stopped is generally used in blind applications…

350px-Woodworking-joint-groove

the groove can be cut using the TS, router, RT or router plane …
an easy method to set up a router for grooving…

an item w/ joinery is knowing applied forces work w/ or against a joint…
knowing this will help w/ selecting the best joint for the task at hand…

APPLIED JOINT FORCES.pdf (234.5 KB)

a step back in time w/ employed M&T joinery…

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Edge Banding…
when plywood is used in your project and you wish to hide the plys from sight, the most common and easiest way to do this is w/ iron on narrow veneer…
these iron on veneers come in a host of long and end grained species and colors making for matched edges or accented if you choose…

image

image

if you desire, a real wood edge is another way of edge banding…
illustrated are 4 methods of attaching the banding…
T, flat, splined and V notch…

EDGE BANDING

Iron on banding cuts easily and well w/ scissors or a sharp razor knife…
to flush trim it you can use a trim router and trim bit, file, sanding or veneer trimmer tool…

image

if you have a lot of banding to do, a dedicated router base for the task is desirable…

flush-trim-jig.pdf (468.0 KB)

Splines…
Beauty, function and strength…

R4 splines 2

How to add splines for stronger miters.pdf (728.1 KB)
Butterfly Spline (Or “Arikata”).pdf (1.1 MB)
Ultimate Spline Jig.pdf (101.5 KB) (key slot)…
Splined Miters_Miter with Muscle.pdf (492.8 KB)
Jig for Corner Splines

Note…
one of the most versatile cutter to make spline slots besides the TS is a stackable slotting bit used in your freehand router or RT… (Router Table)…
this is Freud’s 61-102…

freud-61-102

do you have multiple dados or half blind joints to make…
you may find this helpful…

Router jig 3

Mortising…
SN11240_router-mortising-jig.pdf (1.7 MB)
Jig for Double Mortise.pdf (1.7 MB)
April_2002_Mortising_Jig.pdf (814.3 KB)

Tenons…
tablesawtenonjig.pdf (183.8 KB)

A bit more on M&T joinery Part II…
OK quite a bit more…

Classic M&T’s…

Mortise_and_Tenon_Primer.pdf (1.1 MB)

TENON ANATOMY


(cursor the drawing for the joint’s ID)…

180px-MortiseCornerStub
180px-MortiseHaunch
183px-MortiseFoxTail
191px-FeatherTenon
193px-Mortise
196px-PinnedTenon

The comprehensive list…

Mortise and tenon joints.pdf (409.6 KB)

Hopefully there is enough here to help you on way to making a variety of finest kind M&T’s…

The How To…

Cut Tenon on Long Board.PDF (35.3 KB)

Fox Wedged Mortise & Tenon.pdf (242.6 KB)
Mortise and Tenon Joinery Made Easy.pdf (594.8 KB)
Mortising on the Drill Press.pdf (1.8 MB)
PEGGED TENON.pdf (158.1 KB)
stub-tenon-and-groove-joinery.pdf (437.1 KB)
TUSK TENON.pdf (111.7 KB)
WS21852_better-tenons.pdf (1.7 MB)

Loose-Wedged M&T

Some Jigs…

April_2002_Mortising_Jig.pdf (814.3 KB)
Mortise Centering Jig.pdf (59.8 KB)
tablesawtenonjig.pdf (183.8 KB)

The Lock M&T…